What are Batteries and What are their Duties
Batteries are devices that store electrical energy by converting it into chemical energy, that convert chemical energy into electrical energy when needed and perform this cycle multiple times.
Battery provides the power to press the starter that is required to run the vehicle. They are devices that provide the electricity for equipment on the vehicle that require electricity (radio, lighting, ventilation etc.).
Terms Related to Batteries
Rated Capacity (Ah)
It is the electrical load (in terms of Ah) that a fully charged battery can provide to 10,50V voltage value for 20 hours, when discharged with the current of its 1/2 capacity.
Starter Press Power (CCA)
It is the maximum current value that the battery can load at once.
It is the potential difference between the positive and negative poles of the battery. Its unit is defined as the Volt (V).
The battery loses power over time when not used. This causes a drop in battery voltage. If the battery voltage drops below 12.40V, it should be subject to supply recharge.
The charging process should be performed with the rated capacity 1/20 of the battery. The charging process should be ended when the battery voltage reaches 16.00V.
Electrolyte temperature should be kept between 25-35 0C during charging.
The rectifier should be turned off after the charging process is ended and then battery connections should be taken off.
Electrolyte level should be checked for batteries that require maintenance following charging process and distilled water should be added if there is any drop in electrolyte level.
Safety and Environmental Measures
Environment ventilation should be ensured, as there shall be gas explosive gas exhaust during the charging process and it should not be approached with fire.
Waste (scrap) batteries should never be thrown away, but be delivered to battery services.
Electrolyte (battery water) should never be poured into sinks, sewage etc.
When making battery connections, first the positive cable then the negative cable should be connected.
Battery connection should be carried out with caution. Connecting parts should never be left loose.
Battery stock area should be kept at 250C temperature and sparking actions should not be performed.
The battery should not be turned sideways or reverse during stocking and transporting.
First the (+) Positive Pole Terminal should be connected when the battery is being connected to the vehicle. First the (-) Negative Pole Terminal should be removed when the battery is being removed from the vehicle.
The battery loses water over time when used. Distilled water should be added when electrolyte level reaches minimum (min.) line level in batteries (with lug nut) that require maintenance. Distilled water should be added until the maximum (max.) line. Batteries with charge display (for single cell), it is possible to monitor the status of the battery from the color of the indicator.
Green: Indicates the battery is charged
Black: Indicates the battery requires charing
White: Indicates that adding distilled water is required for well-maintained batteries; and that the battery has to be replaced for unmaintained batteries.
The battery should be kept clean at all times and gas exhaust holes should not be obstructed.
During motor washing, the battery should be taken under control and connecting parts should be covered to prevent contact with water.
Unused (scrap) batteries should never be thrown into garbage and its electrolyte should not be poured. They should be delivered to the authorized dealers.